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Draft Guidance for Industry: Prior Notice of Imported Food Questions and Answers (Edition 4) September 2022


Not for implementation. Contains non-binding recommendations.

Docket Number:
Issued by:
Guidance Issuing Office
Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
Office of Regulatory Affairs
Center for Veterinary Medicine

On November 7, 2008, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) published a final rule (Prior Notice rule) in the Federal Register requiring submission to FDA of prior notice of food, including food for animals, that is imported or offered for import into the United States (73 FR 66294). The Prior Notice rule implements section 801(m) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) (21 U.S.C. 381(m)), which was added by section 307 of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (the Bioterrorism Act) (Public Law 107-188), and requires that FDA receive prior notice of food imported into the United States. Section 304 of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) (Public Law 111-353) amended section 801(m) of the FD&C Act.

On May 5, 2011, FDA published an interim final rule “Information Required in Prior Notice of Imported Food” (76 FR 25542). The interim final rule amended the Agency’s regulations on prior notice of imported food. As required by section 304 of FSMA, FDA issued the interim final rule to require an additional element of information in a prior notice of imported food. This change requires a person submitting prior notice of imported food, including food for animals, to report the name of any country to which the article has been refused entry. Section 304 of FSMA also required the interim final rule be published no later than 120 days following the date of enactment of the legislation and that the amendment made by section 304 take effect 180 days after the date of enactment. The effective date of the interim final rule was July 3, 2011.

On May 30, 2013, FDA published a final rule (78 FR 32359) that adopted, without change, the interim final rule.

This draft will be the fourth edition of this document.  The first, second, and third editions were issued on December 16, 2003, May 3, 2004, and June 16, 2016, respectively.    Until edition 4 is finalized, “Prior Notice of Imported Food Questions and Answers; Guidance for Industry (Edition 3),” updated most recently in 2016, remains in effect.  Revisions and additions since publication of the last draft document are noted by date.  This guidance document provides a list of questions that frequently have been asked about the requirements of the prior notice rule, and the answers to those questions.  It is being issued to help the food industry and others comply with the legal requirements established by the Prior Notice rule.

FDA’s guidance documents, including this guidance, do not establish legally enforceable responsibilities. Instead, guidances describe our current thinking on a topic and should be viewed only as recommendations, unless specific regulatory or statutory requirements are cited. The use of the word should in FDA guidances means that something is suggested or recommended, but not required.

Download the Draft 4th Edition of the Guidance

Download the 3rd Edition of the Guidance

Related Information

Submit Comments

You can submit online or written comments on any guidance at any time (see 21 CFR 10.115(g)(5))

If unable to submit comments online, please mail written comments to:

Dockets Management
Food and Drug Administration
5630 Fishers Lane, Rm 1061
Rockville, MD 20852

All written comments should be identified with this document's docket number: FDA-2011-N-0179.

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